The Ancient City of Myra, located in and around the town center of Demre, is built on the plain of the same name. In the west of the river Myros (today’s Demre Creek), the city was connected to the sea with a convenient canal. The port of Andriake (Çayağzı), which is located on the other side of the canal, was also operating the sea transportation and trade. The Ancient City of Myra is famous especially for the Lycian period rock tombs, the Roman Theater and the Byzantine Church of St. Nicholas (Santa Claus). Rock tombs, Lycian inscriptions and coins, Myra at least BC. They show that they have existed since the 5th century. According to Strabon’s information, Myra, one of the six big cities of the Lycian League, is called Myrrh in Lycian inscriptions. BUSINESS. 2nd century. This is the period when Myra was in for a great improvement. In the city, which is the metropolis of the Lycian Union, many buildings were built and repaired with the help of the Lycian rich people.
In the Byzantine period, Myra was one of the leading cities in terms of administrative as well as religious. The fame of St. Nicholas (Santa Claus) He is the bishop of the city in the 4th century and after the death of the saint reached the rank of church and the name of the church owes. Since the 7th century, Myra lost its importance due to the earthquakes, floods and alluvials brought by Demre Creek and became a village identity in the 12th century. The theater is located on the southern skirt of the acropolis and the rock-cut tombs on both sides. According to the researches, except for the walls of the Roman Period, which are quite intact today, it is possible to see the ruins of the walls dating to the Hellenistic and even to the 4th century BC in the vicinity of the acropolis hill. The theater, located on the southern skirt of the acropolis, reflects the characteristics of a well-preserved Roman theater with its seating rows and stage building. The stage building is standing until half of the second floor. On both sides of the theater are embossed or flat rock tombs. One of the most interesting examples is the grave tomb, which depicts the dead and its relatives, in the graves of Myra, the best adapted examples of the wooden house architecture of the Lycians. In addition, many rock tombs with reliefs or inscriptions are lined up side by side on the south facing side of the rock. On the way to the city center near the theater, the remains of the baths to the left of the road form early and interesting examples of the Roman brick architecture. The water demand of the city was met by the canals carved into the rock on the edge of the valley where Demre Stream flows. One of the 6 cities with 3 voting rights in the Lycian Confederation, Myra is mentioned as the “brightest city’ and shows how important it is to be a city. It is of particular importance that the city’s mother goddess Artemis was represented in the form of the oldest goddess of Anatolia, Kybele, in the coins of Myra, which were printed under her own name as well as coins belonging to the Lycia confederation. BUSINESS. The capital of the Lycian province of Myra in the 5th century, St. The fact that Paul and his friends were the city that they are visiting has a special importance in Christianity.