Termessos Ancient kentitermessos, one of Turkey’s best-preserved ancient city. It is located on Korkuteli road, 30 kilometers northwest of Antalya. It is built on a natural platform southwest of Güllük Mountain at an average height of 1,150 meters above sea level. It is hidden among many wild plants and is restricted to frequent pine forests. Termessos has a different and impressive atmosphere than other ancient cities with its peaceful and untouched appearance. Due to its natural and historical richness, it is covered by the National Park, which is named after the city. The pair şehr s şehr in Tervessos provides a linguistic proof that the city was founded by the people of Anatolia. According to Strabon, the inhabitants of Termessos, the people of Pisidia, called themselves Slymi. This name, which is also given to the mountain where they live, comes from Solymes, the Anatolian gods who were identified with Zeus in the following years and caused the Zeus Solymes cult to rise. In Termessos coins, this god is usually named after the gods. This city is known for the first time in history in the siege of Alexander the Great. Arrianos, who was first interested in this event and one of the former historians who recorded the strategic importance of Termessos, stated that the city could be defended even with a small unit because of the insuperable natural obstacles surrounding the city. Alexander wanted to pass from Pamphylia to Phrygia, and according to Arrianos, the road to Phrygia was passing through Termessos. Indeed, it is still a matter of debate when Alexander chose to climb the so-called Yenice passage, while there were lower and easier crossings. It is also said that the enemies of Perge sent Alexander to the wrong path. Alexander spent a great deal of time and effort in passing through the passage that the Termessians had closed, and he turned back and surrounded Termessos. Probably because he knew that he could not capture Termessos, Alexander did not take the offense, but instead he marched north and pulled out his rage from Sagalassos. The historic Diodors recorded another unforgettable event in Termessos’ history in every detail. A.D. After Alexander’s death in 319, one of his generals, Antigonos Monophtalmos, proclaimed him the ruler of Asia Minor, and was prepared to fight his rival Alcetas, whose main supporter was Pisidia. The forces of the Antigonos Monophtalmos consist of 40,000 infantry, 7,000 cavalry and also countless elephants. Alcetas and his companions, who could not overcome these superior forces, took refuge in Termessos. The Termessians promised to help them. During this time, Antigonos came to the city and made efforts to return the enemy to the camp. Termessos elders, who did not want their cities to be led to disaster for the sake of a foreign Macedonian, decided to extradite Alcetas, but the young Termessians wanted to keep their promise and refused to go out of it. The elders sent a delegation to Antigonos to inform them about their intentions to quit Alcetas. According to a secret plan to continue the war, young people from Termessos managed to leave the city. Alcetas soon learned that he would be imprisoned, but instead of being handed over to the enemy, he chose to die and killed himself. The elderly sent the body of Antigonos to Alcetas. Antigonos suffered all kinds of torture for three days and then left Pisidia without leaving the body buried. The youth, who were angry with the ones, took Alcetas’s body back, buried it in respect, and erected a beautiful monument in memory. The Tervessos was clearly not a port city, but its territory would extend along the Attaleia (Antalya) Gulf in the southwest. The city was taken by Ptolemyler because of this connection to the sea. It is very surprising that a city that resisted even 40 years ago, even during the strong periods of Alexander, accepted Egyptian sovereignty. An inscription in the city of Araxa in Lycia gives important information about Termessos. According to this inscription, BC. In the 200s, Termessos was at war with the Lycian cities union for unknown reasons. In 199, Termessos found himself again in battle with his Pisidian neighbor Isinda. In this period BC. In the 2nd century, we see that the small Termessos colony was founded near the city. Termessos had a friendly relationship with Pergamon’s King Attalos in order to fight better with his former enemy Serge. II. Attalos also built a two-storey stoa in Termessos to commemorate this friendship. He was an ally of Rome, and thus was granted independence by the Roman Senate in 71 BC; According to this law, the freedom and rights of Termessos were guaranteed. This independence, except for the alliance with the King of Galatia Amyntas (36-25 years BC reigned) continued for a long time. The independence of Termessos is also documented by the coin named yol Autonomous ”. This road passes through the old road, which the Termessians call the Cad King Street yol.